The Ngwazi's Garden of Learning
Kachere Project

Andrew Goodson (2009)

Introduction

The Academy is like a large botanical garden and contains a wealth of trees. In 1979, before the school was built, two botanists from Zomba made a survey of the trees, grasses, and other plants of the Academy (E.A.K. Banda, A.J. Salubeni, The Vegetation Survey of Kamuzu Academy and Mtunthama, Kasungu June 1982 – a copy is kept in the Biology Department) and listed over 100 native trees; but this does not include the numerous foreign species such as jacaranda, pine, palm, eucalyptus, pine and so on which are commonly found here, and even some of the native ones such as mwimbi and m’mbale are missing, presumably because they were planted after 1979. Here I describe about 65 native species and 42 imported ones.

 

In investigating the Academy trees I have been greatly helped by a local expert, Cliff Kalonga, and by Mr Heavener Daut Phiri of the Landscape Department; I have also consulted the following books from the Library (mostly these are in the Malawiana room downstairs, apart from Palgrave):

 

Bins, B, Logah, L.P., Dictionary of Plant Names in Malawi, 1972;

Pullinger, J.S., Kitchin, A.M., Trees of Malawi, 1982;

Shorter, Clare, An Introduction to the Common Trees of Malawi, 1989;

Forestry Research Institute of Malawi, Trees, shrubs and woody climbers of Zomba Botanic Gardens, 1985;

Palgrave, K.C., Trees of Southern Africa, 1977 / 1981;

Lane, Stewart S., A Field Guide to the Aloes of Malawi, 2004.

 

Other works available in whole or in part on the internet are:

 

Burrows, J., Willis, C. (eds), Plants of the Nyika Plateau, 2005;

Morris, B, Chewa Medical Botany: A Study of Herbalism in Southern Malawi; a survey by the Malawian Environmental Monitoring Programme (MEMP) at http://ag.arizona.edu/OALS/malawi/PLUS.html, which gives the Chichewa names of very many trees and other plants;

da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S., Amude, A.B. A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique, 2004;

Topham, P. ‘The genus Brachystegia in Nyasaland’, Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew), 1930, No. 8, pp. 348-364.

 

In classifying the trees into families I use the following scheme, which follows the order published on the internet by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (a group of botanists who in recent years have been attempting to classify all the families of flowering plants more exactly using DNA evidence). As far as getting to know the trees is concerned, however, it is best to begin with the most common trees, the brachystegias, acacias, bauhinias etc., which belong to the family Fabaceae. The names ending with -ales give the orders, those with -aceae give the families, and the last two names, e.g. Brachystegia spiciformis, give the genus and species. I have omitted those families which are not represented at the Academy.

Order

Family

Genus (pl. Genera)

Monocotyledons (monocots)

Laurales

LAURACEAE

Persea

Magnoliales

ANNONACEAE

Annona

Asparagales

ASPARAGACEAE (AGAVACEAE)

Agave, Aloe, Dracaena

Pandanales

VELLOZIACEAE

Xerophyta

Commelinids

Arecales

ARECACEAE (PALMAE)

Borassus, Hyphaene, Phoenix, Raphia

Poales

CYPERACEAE

Papyrus

Poales

POACEAE

Bambusa, Oxytenanthera

Zingiberales

MUSACEAE

Musa

Dicotyledons (eudicots)

Proteales

PROTEACEAE

Faurea, Protea

Caryophyllales

NYCTAGINACEAE

Bougainvillea

Santalales

OLACACEAE

Ximenia

Rosids

Myrtales

COMBRETACEAE

Combretum, Terminalia

Myrtales

MYRTACEAE

Callistemon, EucalyptusPsidiumSyzygium

Eurosids I

Celastrales

CELASTRACEAE

Maytenus

Malpighiales

CHRYSOBALANACEAE

Parinari

Malpighiales

CLUSIACEAE

Psorospermum

Malpighiales

EUPHORBIACEAE

Acalypha, Bridelia, Euphorbia, Flueggea (Securinega), Pseudolachnostylis, Uapaca

Malpighiales

OCHNACEAE

Ochna

Malpighiales

RHIZOPHORACEAE

Cassipourea

Malpighiales

SALICACEAE (FLACOURTIACEAE)

Flacourtia, Oncoba

Fabales

FABACEAE (a) Mimosoideae

Acacia, Adenanthera, Albizia, Dichrostachys, Elephantorrhiza

Fabales

(b) Caesalpinioideae

Afzelia, Bauhinia, Brachystegia, Caesalpinia, Delonix, Julbernardia, Piliostigma, Senna (Cassia), Tamarindus

Fabales

(b) Faboideae (Papilionoideae)

Adenodolichos, Dalbergia, Droogmansia, Eriosema, Erythrina, Mucuna, Ormocarpum, Pericopsis, Philenoptera (Lonchocarpus), Pterocarpus, Swartzia

Rosales

MORACEAE

Ficus, Morus

Rosales

RHAMNACEAE

Catunaregam (Xeromphis), Ziziphus

Cucurbitales

CUCURBITACEAE

Luffa

Eurosids II

Brassicales

CARICACEAE

Carica

Brassicales

MORINGACEAE

Moringa

Malvales

DIPTEROCARPACEAE

Monotes

Malvales

MALVACEAE

Azanza, Ceiba, Grewia, Hibiscus, Sterculia

Sapindales

ANACARDIACEAE

Allophylus, Lannea, Mangifera, Ozoroa, Sclerocarya

Sapindales

BURSERACEAE

Commiphora

Sapindales

MELIACEAE

Azadirachta, Ekebergia, Khaya, Melia, Toona, Turraea

Sapindales

RUTACEAE

Citrus

Sapindales

SAPINDACEAE

Allophyllus, Lecaniodiscus, Zanha

Asterids

Ericales

EBENACEAE

Diospyros

Euasterids I

BORAGINACEAE

Cordia

Gentianales

APOCYNACEAE

Diplorhyncus, Plumeria, Rauvolfia, Thevetia

Gentianales

LOGANIACEAE

Strychnos

Gentianales

RUBIACEAE

Multidentia (Canthium), Gardenia, Pavetta, PsychotriaTapiphyllumVangueria

Lamiales

BIGNONIACEAE

Clytostoma, Jacaranda, Kigelia, MarkhamiaSpathodeaStereospermumTecoma

Lamiales

LAMIACEAE

Clerodendrum, Rotheca, Vitex

Lamiales

PEDALIACEAE

Sesamum

Lamiales

VERBENACEAE

Duranta, Gmelina, Holmskioldia, Lantana, Lippia

Solanales

SOLANACEAE

Nicotiana, Solandra

Euasterids II

Apiales

APIACEAE (UMBELLIFERAE)

Steganotaenia

Apiales

ARALIACEAE

Cussonia

Asterales

ASTERACEAE (COMPOSITAE)

Vernonia

Gymnosperms (Cone-bearing plants)

Pinales

ARAUCARIACEAE

Araucaria

Pinales

CUPRESSACEAE

Juniperus, Widdringtonia

Pinales

PINACEAE

Pinus

kachere.fritillary.org
01/02